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Although outnumbered and poorly equipped, soldiers in several parts of the country offered resistance; most notably the Royal Guard in Copenhagen and units in South Jutland.At the same time as the border crossing, German planes dropped the notorious leaflets over Copenhagen calling for Danes to accept the German occupation peacefully, and claiming that Germany had occupied Denmark in order to protect it against Great Britain and France.On 9 April 1940, Germany invaded Denmark in Operation Weserübung and established a de facto protectorate over the country.On 29 August 1943 Germany placed Denmark under direct military occupation, which lasted until the Allied victory on .Even stiff resistance from the Danes would not have lasted long.Questions have been raised around the apparent fact that the German forces did not seem to expect any resistance, invading with unarmored ships and vehicles.In 1920 the country had regained possession of the northern part of Schleswig after losing the provinces during the Second Schleswig War in 1864.The Danish people were divided about what the best policy toward Germany might be.

These factors combined to allow Denmark a very favorable relationship with Nazi Germany.The flat territory of Jutland was a perfect area for the German army to operate in, and the surprise attack on Copenhagen had made any attempt to defend Zealand impossible.The Germans had also been quick to establish control over the bridge across the Little Belt, thus gaining access to the island of Funen.However, as late as February 1940 no firm decision to occupy Denmark had been made., a German abbreviation for Denmark.Although the Danish territory of South Jutland was home to a significant German minority, and the province had been regained from Germany as a result of a plebiscite resulting from the Versailles Treaty, Germany was in no apparent hurry to reclaim it.

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